Hiina avab sisemaise võlakirjaturu välisinvestoritele

Hiina on astumas esimesi reaalseid samme kohaliku finants- ja kapitaliturgude liberaliseerimise teel. Nimelt teatas Hiina Keskpank (People’s Bank of China) oma värskelt avaldatud aastaraamatus, et plaanib järk-järguliselt välisinvestoritele avada siseriikliku võlakirjaturu ning samas julgustas kohalikke ettevõtteid kaasama laenuraha just võlakirjade väljaandmise teel. 2010. aastal emiteerisid Hiina institutsioonid (keskpank, ettevõtted jt) koduturule rohkem kui 1 triljoni euro väärtuses võlakirju. Võlakirjaturu kauplemiskäive ulatus eelmisel aastal 6,8 triljoni euroni. Hiina kommertspankade analüütikute sõnul on keskpanga selliste sammude taga huvi luua kohalikele ettevõtetele endi rahastamiseks alternatiivsed võimalused ja samuti toetada Hiina jüaani laialdasemat kasutuselevõttu maailmas ja finantsturgudel üleüldiselt.

Lisaks eeltoodule on sel nädalal turule tulemas ka esimene Hiina jüaanis denomineeritud ja väljaspool Hiina sisebörse noteeritud aktsiate esmane pakkumine (IPO), kirjutab CNBC.

Miks on jüaan investori seisukohast huvipakkuv? Eelkõige seetõttu, et enamiku turuosaliste arvates on tegu oluliselt alahinnatud (undervalued) valuutaga. Hiina Keskpank on praktiseerinud kontrollitud valuutakursi poliitikat ja lasknud ekspordisektori konkurentsivõime säilitamise eesmärgil jüaanil tugevneda viimase paari-kolme aasta jooksul vaid 4-5%. Olles tasapisi liberaliseerimas nii raha- kui kapitaliturge, arveldusi rahvusvahelises kaubavahetuses, valuuta konverteeritavust jmt nähakse jüaanis potentsiaali teiste rahvusvaluutade suhtes tugevneda. Seega kui investeeringud Hiina majandusse ja ettevõtetesse kui arenevasse turgu on pikaajaliselt jätkuvalt atraktiivsed, siis võimalus investeerida Hiina kasvu finantsinstrumentides, mis toodavad jüaani tugevnemise arvelt veel lisakasumit on investoritele veelgi huvipakkuvamad. Seega on jüaani internatsionaliseerimine alanud ja Hiina rahvusvaluuta tähtsus globaalsetel finantsturgudel tõusuteel.

Government boosts the bond markets

By Wang Xiaotian (China Daily)

BEIJING – China will encourage businesses to raise funds by issuing bonds, and will gradually open up the bond and other financial markets to overseas investors, the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) said in an annual report on its website on Friday.

“As China puts restructuring of the economic growth pattern at the top of its agenda during the next few years, we will encourage and support enterprises in some key industries, especially small- and medium-sized enterprises, to raise funds through all kinds of bonds,” said the central bank.

In 2010, China’s inter-bank spot bond trading reached 64 trillion yuan ($9.76 trillion), a rise of 35.5 percent over the previous year. That saw the country ranked in second place in Asia and sixth in the world by trading volume, according to the report.

Bond issuance rose from 8.93 trillion yuan in 2009 to 9.83 trillion yuan in 2010 (including central bank bills), an increase of 10.19 percent year-on-year. Corporate bonds accounted for 33.66 percent of the total issuance.

“In 2011, the opening-up of the bond market to overseas investors will be further accelerated, as cross-border trade settlements in yuan increase and the number of foreign holders of the yuan rises,” said the bank.

The PBOC predicted that the range and number of enterprises that gain funds through the financial markets will further increase, while stock and bond issuance and trading volumes will also rise.

Lu Zhengwei, chief economist at Industrial Bank, said instead of an obvious rise in bond issuance and trading volumes this year, the proportion of bond financing to total financing and the proportion of corporate bonds among the total number of bonds issued will increase.

“The volume of bonds to GDP should move from the current figure of less than 10 percent to somewhere above 40 percent,” said Lu.

He said the government’s promotion of the bond market has been prompted by the increasing difficulties faced by companies in gaining funds through bank loans, but is also aimed at laying a path for yuan internationalization and a liberalization of interest rates.

“Under the ‘prudent’ monetary policy adopted in 2010, the demand for funds to develop emerging industries will turn to the capital markets,” said the PBOC, adding that infrastructure projects whose construction began at the end of 2008 are creating a constant demand for credit.

China has adopted a tightening monetary stance to soak up excessive liquidity and curb inflation. The government didn’t set a new-yuan lending target this year as it usually does, but analysts said the unofficial 2011 credit target is thought to be 7.5 trillion yuan including loans off balance sheet.

In 2010, new-yuan loans reached 7.95 trillion yuan, exceeding the government’s target of 7.5 trillion excluding off-balance-sheet lending.

Lian Ping, chief economist at the Bank of Communications, said earlier that last year lending accounted for 75 percent of the nation’s total financing, while fundraising through stocks and bonds each accounted for 12.5 percent.

In a report published on Jan 30, the central bank pledged to strengthen control over the total financing volume to keep inflation at a stable rate. “In recent years, the diversification trend in China’s financial structure has burgeoned, and the proportion of direct financing has improved significantly,” it said.

The bank is also gearing up to adopt an indicator measuring total financing volume and broader measures of money supply to better monitor liquidity conditions and to counter inflation.

The quantitative-easing policies adopted by major world economies such as the United States have led to increasing capital flows into emerging markets, a factor which is pushing up inflation, said analysts.

Major currency-issuing nations are likely to continue with low interest-rate policies, which will result in more capital inflows, and raise pressure on asset prices and yuan appreciation, according to the PBOC.

 

Rubriigid: Uudised, märksõnad: , . Salvesta püsiviide oma järjehoidjasse.

Lisa kommentaar

Sinu e-postiaadressi ei avaldata. Nõutavad väljad on tähistatud *-ga

*

*


Saad kasutada järgmisi HTML-i märgendeid ja atribuute: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>