Iirimaa rahandusministri ettepanek: maksustada kogutud erapensionivarad

Iirimaa rahandusminister Michael Noonan tuli eile välja meetmetepaketiga Jobs Initiative, mille eesmärk on riiklikult toetada töökohtade loomist ja pakkuda töövõimalusi neile, kes majanduslanguse ajal oma töökoha kaotasid. Nimetatud meetmetepakett on üks osa Iirimaa valitsuse suuremast, majandusaktiivsuse taaskäivitamisele suunatud programmist.

Jobs Initiative pakett toob välja mitmed ettepanekud vähendada makse ja suurendada valitsuskulutusi toetamaks uute töökohtade loomist. Nagu tavapäraselt selliste majanduspoliitiliste programmide väljakuulutamisel, on ka eelnimetatud tegevuste elluviimiseks valitsusel vaja näidata finantseerimisallikad. Rahandusminister Noonan on seekord valinud rahastamisallikaks maksu kehtestamise kogutud erapensionivaradele. Nimelt tegi rahandusminister ettepaneku kehtestada 0,6% maks, mis arvutatakse pensionivarade mahu pealt. Maks kehtiks järgmised neli aastat ja suureneks igal aastal. Erapensionide maksustamise põhjendus on suhteliselt lihtne – maksude tõstmine mingis muus valdkonnas oleks Iirimaa majandusele liigseks koormaks.

Ülaltoodu näol on praegu siiski veel tegu ettepanekuga, mis vajab kooskõlastamist ka Euroopa Liidu ja Rahvusvahelise Valuutafondiga, kelle abipaketid on seadnud Iirimaale suhteliselt ahtad võimalused iseseisva majanduspoliitika praktiseerimisel.

Järgneb väljavõte rahandusminister Noonan’i avaldusest:

Pension Levy

The various tax reduction and additional expenditure measures which I am announcing today will be funded by way of a temporary levy on funded pension schemes and personal pension plans. I propose that the levy will apply at a rate of 0.6% to the capital value of assets under management in pension funds established in the State.

It will apply for a period of 4 years commencing this year and is intended to raise about €470 million in each of those years. The levy will not apply to pension funds established here and providing services and benefits solely to non-resident employers and members. Further details regarding the proposed application of the levy are set out in the Summary of Initiative Measures.

I am conscious of the concerns of the pensions industry about the impact of a levy in circumstances where the pensions sector, in common with other sectors in our economy and society, is finding the current economic and financial environment very challenging. However, the imposition of the levy is for a relatively short period and its purpose is to improve that environment by providing the means to encourage job creation in areas of our economy most likely to deliver that employment quickly.

The levy is being confined to pension funds because I believe that the alternatives for increases in taxation elsewhere at this time would be more damaging to the economy. I will be glad to consult with the pensions industry on the legislative provisions which will give effect to the levy so as to seek to minimise, where possible, any unnecessary difficulties which this measure may give rise to.

The pension levy represents a very significant contribution by the pensions industry and the many individual savers it represents to our commitment to getting the economy moving again. I am aware that the pensions sector is also concerned, given the temporary levy, about the commitment in our agreement with the EU/IMF to reduce the tax relief on pension contributions starting next year. I will examine this issue in the context of the results of the Comprehensive Review of Expenditure currently being undertaken by the Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform, and any resulting scope for fiscally neutral changes to the EU/IMF agreement.

 

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